should be doing
development & reflexive
to 12 days
Puppy can't hear or see well, stays
close to mother and littermates.
provides warm environment. Dr. Michael
Fox conducted a study showing mildly
stressing puppies during the first
five weeks develops dogs which are
superior when put in learning or
competitive situations. They are
better able to handle stress, are more
outgoing and learn more quickly. Mild
physical stress at an early age will
actually increase the size of the
Eyes open, puppy can hear, begins to
walk in a wobbly fashion.They will
begin to hear and will respond to
taste and smell.
the time to introduce novel stimuli to
the whelping box such as a plastic
milk bottle, knotted towel, cardboard
box, etc. This is also a time to
introduce puppies to friendly cats. It
is important to continue picking up
the pups daily, admire them, talk to
them, and spend a few minutes with
each one individually.
Puppy is able to use
senses of sight and hearing.
It is a time of very
rapid sensory development. A stable
environment is crucial. It is
important not to overload them.
Radical changes in the environment
must be avoided, i.e. do not move the
It is essential that
the puppy remain with the litter and
Each day introduce a
new surface such as concrete,
linoleum, wood, carpet, matting, etc.
Taking them two at a time will make it
less stressful than one at a time.
Very mild auditory stimuli is
introduced, such as a radio playing
he's a dog:
Socialization period - 3 to 5 weeks
Socialization period - 6 to 12 weeks
period is especially important for
the development of a stable
emotional temperament and affective
tone. Many social and emotional
deficits observed in adult dogs are
believed to result from removing
puppies too early from the mother
and littermates." - Steven
Puppy learns species
specific behavior that makes him a dog
(biting, chasing, barking, fighting
and body posturing.
Learns to accept
discipline from mother and to use
Learns not to bite
Learns to relate to
other litter mates and develops a pack
hierarchy through play.
Mother begins to
wean puppies between 4-8 weeks, but
should be allowed as much time with
the pups as she wants.
Puppies require plenty of playtime
with littermates, so they can
Leaving the litter
before 7 weeks can affect the puppy's
ability to get along with other dogs
later and they will likely have
trouble learning to inhibit the force
of their bite.
Put an open crate in
the puppy pen. Clear distinction
between sleep and play area should be
made. This ensures the puppy can leave
his sleeping area to eliminate. This
will make housetraining later much
Each puppy should
have one-on-one individual attention
with humans. Take two at a time for
short car rides.
puppies to prepare them for
Puppy's rate of
mental development will now depend on
the complexity of their environment.
Exposure to a variety of noises and
different floor surfaces is important.
training sessions at 5 weeks.
a new home with a human family.
people by 12 weeks" - Dr. Ian
”From now to
the 16th week of the puppy’s life,
his basic character is set by what
he is taught. This will apply
especially to his attitudes toward
people and toward his ability to
serve them the very best he
The 49th day. The
brain waves of the puppy are the same
as a mature dog, but the puppy is a
Puppy should be
completely weaned from mother.
This is the age when
most rapid learning occurs. Greatest
impact on future social behavior will
be made by any experience that happens
at this point.
The window of
opportunity is closing. Although
puppies can continue to learn to be
comfortable with new things, it is not
Best time to bring a
puppy into its new home is around week
7or 8. "The 49th day" is
recommended by Guide Dog raisers and
supported by studies.
period in which puppy should be
socialized - maximize this time!
Enroll in a good puppy class!
Ideal time to
capitalize on educating your puppy.
Take into account
puppy's physical limitations and short
puppy perceives as traumatic during
this time are generalized and may
affect him all his life. It is a
fact that a dog is most likely to
develop an avoidance response if
subjected to physical or
psychological trauma during these
This period falls within the human
frightens the puppy during this period
will have a more lasting effect than
if it occurred at any other time.
Keep training fun. Use short sessions,
and keep all training positive. Gentle
guidance and management are essential.
Set your puppy up to succeed. This
kind of mindset will enable you to be
successful, as you continue to
socialize your puppy.
Puppies should not
be shipped during this period,
elective surgery should be put off
until the 12th week, and necessary
visits to the vet should be made fun.
to compete and cope.
Social dominance -
10 to 16 weeks
Puppy has been in the home for
approximately six weeks. This period
is known as the "period of
cutting teeth and apron strings."
Pups will attempt to clarify and
resolve question of leadership.
So long as you provide structure,
control and leadership, this
transition should be relatively
If these things have
not been provided, all heck is about
to break loose!
forget everything previously
- "How to Raise a Puppy You Can
Even if you have done your homework
it does not mean your puppy won't go
through this - just be aware of it
and ride it out.
Just keep your pup
on a leash until this passes.
This stage can last
from a few days to several weeks and
can occur anytime during this period.
A puppy will test
He may challenge you
in an attempt to resolve the question
He may not come when
He may not play
fetch even though he once did.
He will be
uncomfortable because his adult teeth
are growing in.
It is because of this stage that
prevention over cure is advocated --
you must start socializing and
training before now! When you notice a
change in your dog during this time,
he is probably going through his
"flight instinct" period.
Like a teenager going through puberty,
your puppy is changing
physiologically. Your awareness of
these changes in behavior will help
get you through this commonly
This is the time
when obedience schools get most of
their calls. Puppies that have not
been socialized and worked with take a
different path in life than pups that
Be prepared with
appropriate chew bones (large enough
so that the pup will not choke) to
help with your pup's need to chew. Use
a long line in the park if your pup is
not coming when called.
Many dogs will
show a rise in their level of
aggression (reactivity) during this
time. They may become protective and
territorial, and may make a new
attempt to dominate owners.
Incidents of teenage flakiness may
to 14 months
In large breeds
this period could extend longer
since it is tied to sexual maturity.
Incidents may occur more than once.
growth spurts. Therefore it may happen
more than once as the puppy matures.
May suddenly be
apprehensive about new things or shy
or timid of new people or situations.
Most of height growing is over, but
pup will start to fill out over the
Puppy begins to
mature sexually: male begins to lift
leg, and female has first heat period
anywhere from 6-12 months. Puppy coat
being replaced by adult coat, starting
down the spine.
This is a fear of new situations and
are handled with the utmost patience.
The dog is encouraged to work it out
on his own. If anything, it is better
to ignore the whole situation than to
reinforce the fear by praising the dog
or petting him while he is afraid.
When you "reassure" a dog
with pets and "it's okay, fella",
you are telling him it is okay to be
frightened and you are creating a
If your puppy
appears apprehensive, avoid
potentially overwhelming circumstances
you cannot personally oversee, such as
shipping your pup in the cargo bay of
you done socializing? NO! Like your
training efforts, which continue on
into adulthood and throughout your
dog’s entire life, you are never
done with socialization. He still
needs to meet and greet people, go
places with you, and continue to
share your world and your
experiences, if you want him to
continue to be the happy, friendly
dog he is today.
Refers to sexual maturity as opposed
to being full-grown. Smaller dogs
mature earlier, larger dogs later. If
you were lax in your work earlier on,
you may now see the things you have
missed: object guarding, unfavorable
reactions towards unfamiliar people,
animals, or things that your dog
missed during the socialization stage.
Until this period has been reached, it
is recommended that your pup remains
crated or the equivilent (structure)
when you are not available to
supervise his behavior.
You will know when
your dog can be trusted by testing him
for short periods (10-15 minutes)
while you leave the house. If your dog
is damaging property while loose, he
is not ready.